Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS

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ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
6 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2019
Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]  
ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
ORGANIZATION AND DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
Overview
     Resonant Inc. is a late-stage development company located in Goleta, California.  We were incorporated in Delaware in January 2012 as a wholly owned subsidiary of Superconductor Technologies Inc., or STI. Resonant LLC, a limited liability company, was formed in California in May 2012. We changed our form of ownership from a limited liability company to a corporation in an exchange transaction in June 2013, when we commenced business. We are the successor of Resonant LLC.  We completed our initial public offering, or IPO, on May 29, 2014. On July 6, 2016 we acquired all of the issued and outstanding capital stock of GVR Trade S.A, or GVR. GVR is a wholly owned subsidiary of Resonant Inc.
We have created an innovative software, intellectual property, or IP, and services platform that we believe has the ability to increase designer efficiency, reduce the time to market and lower unit costs in the designs of filters for radio frequency, or RF, front-ends for the mobile device industry.  The RF front-end, or RFFE, is the circuitry in a mobile device responsible for analog signal processing and is located between the device’s antenna and its digital circuitry.  The software platform we continue to develop is based on fundamentally new technology that we call Infinite Synthesized Networks®, or ISN®, to configure and connect resonators, the building blocks of RF filters.  Filters are a critical component of the RF front-end used to select desired radio frequency signals and reject unwanted signals. 
We believe licensing our designs is the most direct and effective means of validating our ISN® platform and related IP libraries.  Our target customers make part or all of the RFFE.  We intend to retain ownership of our designs, and we expect to be compensated through license fees and royalties based on sales of RFFE filters that incorporate our designs.
Capital Resources and Liquidity
We use the net proceeds from the sales of our common stock for product development to commercialize our technology, research and development, the development of our patent strategy and expansion of our patent portfolio, as well as for working capital and other general corporate purposes.
We have earned minimal revenues since inception, and our operations have been funded with initial capital contributions and proceeds from the sale of equity securities and debt.  At June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, we had incurred accumulated losses of $107.2 million and $92.6 million, respectively. The losses are primarily the result of research and development costs associated with commercializing our technology, combined with start-up, financing and public company costs.  We expect to continue to incur substantial costs as we continue to engage customers, increase the number of devices under design and build the infrastructure to support our anticipated growth.
Our condensed consolidated financial statements account for the continuation of our business as a going concern.  We are subject to the risks and uncertainties associated with a new business.  Our principal sources of liquidity as of June 30, 2019 consist of existing cash, cash equivalents and investments totaling $10.5 million. In July and August 2019, we entered into a securities purchase agreement with investors to raise gross proceeds of approximately $10.0 million in a private placement of common stock. The offering is expected to have multiple closings, with the initial closing for approximately $3.0 million to occur on or about August 12, 2019 and closing for the balance of the funds expected to occur in the fourth quarter of 2019, subject to satisfaction of closing conditions. In the first half of 2019, we used approximately $12.1 million of cash and investments for operating activities, the purchase of property and equipment, and expenditures for patents. Due to these conditions, along with anticipated increases in expenses, substantial doubt exists as to our ability to continue as a going concern. After evaluation of these conditions, we believe our current resources, along with the expected proceeds from our private placement of common stock and forecasted billings, will provide sufficient funding for planned operations through the second quarter of 2020. If necessary, we will seek to raise additional capital from the sale of equity securities or the incurrence of indebtedness to allow us to continue operations. There can be no assurance that additional financing will be available to us on acceptable terms, or at all. Additionally, if we issue additional equity securities to raise funds, whether to existing investors or others, the ownership percentage of our existing stockholders would be reduced.  New investors may demand rights, preferences or privileges senior to those of existing holders of common stock.  Additionally, we may be limited as to the amount of funds we can raise pursuant to SEC rules and the continued listing requirements of NASDAQ. If we cannot raise needed funds, we might be forced to make substantial reductions in our operating expenses, which could adversely affect our ability to implement our business plan and ultimately our viability as a company. These condensed consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recoverability and classification of recorded asset amounts or amounts and classification of liabilities that might result from this uncertainty.
We have a Form S-3 universal shelf registration statement on file with the SEC. The universal shelf registration statement on Form S-3 permits us to sell, in one or more public offerings, shares of our common stock, shares of preferred stock or debt securities, or any combination of such securities and warrants to purchase securities, for proceeds in an aggregate amount of up to $50.0 million, subject to potential limitations on the amount of securities we may sell in any twelve-month period. The Form S-3 will expire in November 2021.  No securities have been issued pursuant to the registration statement.